Back to "Azerbaijan Rugs" Main Page
   

 


RUGS AND TEXTILES IN ILKHANID PERIOD MANUSCRIPTS

 

1330-1340. Il-khanid. Father teaching his sons (fragment). Tabriz school. From "Kalila wa Dimna". Istanbul

FOLIO FROM A SHAHNAMA (BOOK OF KINGS) BY FIRDAWSI (D.1020); RECTO: THE BIER OF ISKANDAR (ALEXANDER THE GREAT), circa 1330-1340, Il-Khanid period

1330-1340. Ilkhanid. The guest beats the mouse (fragment). Tabriz school. From "Kalila wa Dimna". Istanbul.

1330-1340. Il-khanid. Old madam and young couple (fragment). Tabriz school. From "Kalila wa Dimna". Istanbul.

Prince Isfandiyar Challenges His Father, King Gushtasp, Illustrated folio from the Great Ilkhanid Shahnama by Firdawsi, Iran, Tabriz, Ilkhanid period, 1330's. Ink, colors, gold and silver on paper. Villa I Tatti, The Harvard University Center for Italian Renaissance Studies, Florence


Shahnama folio from Ilkhanid Period

 

 


RUGS AND TEXTILES IN JALAYIRID PERIOD MANUSCRIPTS

 


1370-1375, Chobanid period, Tabriz school, Cobbler cuts the nose of barber’s wife (fragment), From "Kalila wa Dimna", Topkapi, Istanbul


Junaid Sultani (Junaid Naqqashi as-Sultani) - a medieval painter, lived and worked in Baghdad, around 1382-1410. Jalayirid Period. "Humai after wedding", "Diwan" Haji Kirmani, 1396. Location: London, The British Library

"The thief is beaten in the bedroom" from a copy of Kalila wa Dimna painted by a Jalayrid artist from Tabriz or Baghdad, 1380-1400

The aesthetic discovers his child is safe in the cradle from a copy of Kalila wa Dimna painted by a Jalayrid artist from Tabriz or Baghdad, 1380-1400

Thief beaten in the bedroom. From a kalila wa Dimna. Istanbul Univ. Library. Ilkhanid Period (Jalayirids-Chobanids), Tabriz. c 1360-70, Istanbul University Library (ink, gold on paper)

"The sculptor Farhad brought before Shirin", folio from Khosrow and Shirin by Nizami Ganjavi (d.1209); Artist/Calligrapher: Ali ibn Hasan al-Sultani, Jalayirid period, ca. 1400. Freer Gallery of Art

Humay at the court of the Emperor (Faghfūr) of China, From the Khamsah of poet Khwaju/Khaja Kirmani (Kermani). Dated 1396. Painter: Junayd Nakkash as-Sultani. British Library

Sasanian ruler Anushiruwan discourses with his minister Buzurjmihr, From the Khamsah of poet Khwaju/Khaja Kirmani (Kermani). Dated 1396. Painter: Junayd Nakkash as-Sultani. British Library

Humay and Humayun feasting in a garden and listening to musicians, from the Khamsah of poet Khwaju/Khaja Kirmani (Kermani). 1396, painter: Junayd Nakkash as-Sultani, British Library
     
 

 

 

RUGS AND TEXTILES IN TIMURID PERIOD MANUSCRIPTS

 

Tahmina Comes into Rustam's Chamber, illustrated folio from a manuscript of the Shahnama of Firdawsi, c. 1410, Iran, 15th century
Timurid period, AH 771-912/AD 1370-1506, Herat, Afghanistan

Anthology of Baysunghur (1427). Berenson Art Collection, Villa I Tatti. Timurid. Herat school. Princes playing games.

Baysungur in a garden, 1429, Timurid, Herat

Ulugh Beg with ladies of his harem and retainers
1425-1450, Timurid period
Probably Samarqand, present-day Uzbekistan
Freer Sackler Collection

Shahnama of Baysunghur, 1430, Herat, by Ja'far Baysunghuri, Yazdagird presents a robe of honour to Munzir the Arab, chapter "Yazdagird the Sinner". The Gulistan Palace Museum, Tehran

 


Shahnama of Baysunghur, 1430, Ja'far Baysunghuri, Rustam boasts about his strength, chapter "Gushtasp". Herat. The Gulistan Palace Museum, Tehran

Shahnama (Baysunghur), 1430, Ja'far Baysunghuri, Buzurjmihr arranges chess pieces before Anushirvan, chapter "Kisra Anushirvan". Herat School. The Gulistan Palace Museum, Tehran

 


from Shahnama of Baysunghur, 1430, Rudaba and Zal togeter, chapter Manuchihr, Herat (Timurid Period), Calligrapher: Maulana Ja'far Baysunghuri, Location: The Gulistan Palace Museum, Tehran

Shahnama of Baysunghur, 1430, by Ja'far Baysunghuri, Rudaba and Zal together, chapter "The Great War between Kay Khusrau and Afrasiyab". Herat School
Scene: The coronation of Luhrasp
Timurid Period. The Gulistan Palace Museum, Tehran


Majlis-i Güyük Khan. 1438. Timurid, Shiraz school. Bibliothèque nationale de France


Shahnameh, The murder of Iraj, chapter Faridun, 1443
Calligrapher: Muhammad b. Muhammad 'Ali Hanafi Shushunaq
Hijri Date: 847 Safar 29
Gregorian Date: 1443 July 6
School: Shiraz (Timurid Period)
Location: The Gulistan Palace Museum, Tehran


Shahnameh, Frontispiece
Calligrapher: Muhammad b. Muhammad 'Ali Hanafi Shushunaq
Hijri Date: 847 Safar 29
Gregorian Date: 1443 July 6
Origin: Shiraz (Timurid Period)
Location: The Gulistan Palace Museum, Tehran


Shahnameh/Timurid: Herat, c.1444 /Patron: Mohammad Juki b. Shah Rokh/Opaque watercolour, ink and gold on paper/London, Royal Asiatic Society, Persian MS 239, fol. 56v

Tahmina at Rustam's chamber
15th century, Timurid period. Herat School,
The University of Manchester Library, U.K.

Shahnameh, Frontispiece
Calligrapher: Muhammad b. Muhammad 'Ali Hanafi Shushunaq
Hijri Date: 847 Safar 29
Gregorian Date: 1443 July 6
Origin: Shiraz (Timurid Period)
Location: The Gulistan Palace Museum, Tehran

Depiction of a Timurid rug with a compartment design in a manuscript of Kalileh-o-Dimneh by Abul Ma'ali Nasrollah, Herat, 1429, Blbliotheque Nationale, Paris (from V. Berinstain et al., Great Carpets of the World, fig. 141).

Khosrow receives Farhad. 1445-1446, Timurid. Herat school

Shahnameh, chapter "Faridun", Salm and Tur murder Iraj, 1460 (Uncertainty 70 years), Ex Ardabil collection.
Origin:Shiraz
Script:Nasta'liq
Location: St Petersburg, National Library of Russia


Timur granting an audience in Balkh. 1467-1468. Timurid Period, Herat school


Party at the Court of Huseyn Mirza (detail), 1488, late Timurid period. Herat school

Album folio; recto:An old woman and two men; verso: calligraphy panel, 1520-30, Timurid period, Bukhara, Uzbekistan, Freer Sackler Collection

 

15th c . manuscript of Nasir Ad-Din At-Tusi’s observatory at Maragha, depicts the teaching of astronomy using the astrolabe.

"Alexander the Great", Herat school, Afghanistan, XV c.

The poet Sa'di converses by night with a young friend in a garden. Miniature from Gulistan. Herat, 1427. Chester Beatty Library, Dublin; workshops of Baysonqor

"The Traveler and the Dervish" from Sa'adi Shirazi's Gulistan. Herat, XV century.

"A drunken prince assaults a Chinese maiden". Miniature from Gulistan of Sa'di Shirazi. Herat, 1427. Chester Beatty Library, Dublin

A woman sitting on a rug with the archaic 'Kufic' border. Timurid Period, Herat school, XV c.


Manuscript depicting a scene from Khamsa of Nizami Ganjavi, 1439, Timurid Period Shiraz. Museum of National Antiquities (Historiska Museet), Stockhold, Sweden


Conversion of Ghazan Khan to Islam, c.1430 (Timurid Period), from Rashid-al-Din Hamadani's Jami al-Tawarikh, Bibliothèque nationale de Francia

Timur Receiving Guests at the Wedding of His Son, Illustrated folio from the Zafarnama by Yazdi, Iran, Shiraz, Timurid period, 1436. Ink, colors, and gold on paper. Villa I Tatti, The Harvard University Center for Italian Renaissance Studies, Florence

Timur Celebrates His Conquest of Delhi (painting, verso; text, recto), illustrated folio from the Zafarnama (Book of Victory) of Sharaf al-Din 'Ali Yazdi, Iran, Shiraz, Timurid period, 1436. Ink and opaque watercolor on paper. Harvard Art Museums/Arthur M. Sackler Museum, Bequest of Abby Aldrich Rockefeller

Attributed to Bihzad, "Assault on a Castle", Herat, Timurid period, c. 1475-1500. Harvard Art Museums/Arthur M. Sackler Museum, Bequest of Abby Aldrich Rockefeller


"Laila and Majnun at School", Folio from a Khamsa (Quintet) of Nizami Ganjavi, by calligrapher Ja'far Baisunghuri, Timurid Period, 1431, Herat


Iskandar, in the likeness of Husayn Bayqara, with the seven sages. dated AH 900 (1494/95). the Khamsah of Nizāmī Ganjavī (1140 or 41-1209), containing one double and 20 single miniatures in the Herat later Timurid style. Bihzad. British Library

Shahnama, Firdausi and the poets of Ghazna, date: 1438. Calligrapher: Fayd b. Muhammad Shirazi, London, The British Library

Shahnama, The death of Farud, South Provincial Timurid, 1438. Calligrapher: Fayd b. Muhammad Shirazi. London, The British Library
 

 

 

RUGS AND TEXTILES IN TURKOMAN (QARAQOYUNLU & AQQOYUNLU) PERIOD MANUSCRIPTS

 

"Big Head" Shahnameh, Gilan, 1494, Turkman dynasty (Aqqoyunlu), patronised by Sultan 'Ali Mirza

Aq-qoyunlu (White Sheep Turkomans) Yaqub Bey. end of the 15th century.

Folio from a Shahnama (Book of kings) by Firdawsi (d. 1020); Giv brings Gurgin before Kay Khusraw, 1493-1494, Turkoman Period (Aqqoyunlu Period)
Gilan, Iran. Freer Sackler Collection

Folio from a Shahnama (Book of Kings) by Firdawsi (d. 1020); recto: Kay Khusraw and Kay Ka'us; verso: Afrasiyab captivated by Houm
1493-1494, Aqqoyunlu Period
Gilan, Iran, Freer Sackler Collection

Folio from a copy of the Shahnama (Book of kings) by Firdawsi (d. 1020); Kay Khusraw with Afrasiyab's women. 1493-1494, Aqqoyunlu Period
Mazandaran, Iran
Freer Sackler Collection

 “Layli and Majnun at School” from a copy of Nizami Ganjaviʾs Khamsah. dated 866/1461. Tabriz, Karakoyunlu State. A rug with multiple niches is depicted in this painting. Topkapı Sarayı , Istanbul
 

 


RUGS AND TEXTILES IN EARLY SAFAVID PERIOD MANUSCRIPTS

 


"Shapur son of Ardashir enthroned", from Shahnama, 1523, by Abd-Allah al-Ghani Muhammad Mahmud ibn Muhammad Nizam al-Khairi, chapter "Shapur son of Ardashir". Tabriz School. Location: The Gulistan Palace Museum, Tehran


from Shahnama, 1523, by Abd-Allah al-Ghani Muhammad Mahmud ibn Muhammad Nizam al-Khairi, "Faridun defeats Zahhak", chapter "Zahhak". Tabriz School. The Gulistan Palace Museum, Tehran

"Iskandar enthroned", Shahnama, 1523, Abd-Allah al-Ghani Muhammad Mahmud ibn Muhammad Nizam al-Khairi, chapter "Iskandar". Tabriz School, The Gulistan Palace Museum, Tehran


"Bahram son of Bahram enthroned", Shahnama, 1523, Abd-Allah al-Ghani Muhammad Mahmud ibn Muhammad Nizam al-Khairi, Tabriz School, by 'Abd-Allah al-Ghani Muhammad Mahmud ibn Muhammad Nizam al-Khairi, The Gulistan Palace Museum, Tehran


Shahnama, 1523, by Abd-Allah al-Ghani Muhammad Mahmud ibn Muhammad Nizam al-Khairi, chapter "Yazdagird". Tabriz School, Scene: The Iranians recognize Shapur and rally round him. Location: The Gulistan Palace Museum, Tehran


Rudaba and Zal together, Chapter "Manuchihr (120 years)", Shahnameh, 1510. Shiraz
Ownership: 'Abd Ahmad (?); inscription on f. 1r dated 12 Jumada I, 1204 (1789). Preface: Baysunghuri ,Baltimore, The Walters Art Museum

"The Iranians recognize Shapur and rally round him", from Shahnama, 1523, by Abd-Allah al-Ghani Muhammad Mahmud ibn Muhammad Nizam al-Khairi, chapter "Yazdagird". Tabriz School. Location: The Gulistan Palace Museum, Tehran

"Sultan Hossein Mirza in Promenade", by Kamaleddin Behzad (c. 1450 – c. 1535)

Folio from an album; A school scene
circa 1540, Mir Sayyid Ali, Safavid period. Tabriz, Iran. S1986.221 Freer Sackler Collection

Zal marries Rudaba
16th century (late), Qazvin school
Geneva, Bibliothèque publique et universitaire de Genève


Prince feasting in a garden, finispiece, Shahnameh. 1510 , Preface: Baysunghuri. Baltimore, The Walters Art Museum


"Guests", by Kamaleddin Behzad (c. 1450 – c. 1535)

Sheikhzadeh, "Bahram Gur and the Princess". "Haft Manzar", Hatifi. 1538, Freer Gallery of Art, Washington

"Laila and Majnun in School", Folio from a Khamsa (Quintet) of Nizami. Painting by Shaikh Zada. A.H. 931/A.D. 1524–25. Herat. The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York

"Khusrau Seated on his Throne", Folio from a Khamsa (Quintet) of Nizami. Painting by Shaikh Zada. Date: A.H. 931/A.D. 1524–25. Herat

"Marriage of Khusrau and Shirin", Folio from a Khamsa (Quintet) of Nizami. Painting by Shaikh Zada. 1524–25. Herat
 

 

RUGS AND TEXTILES IN OTTOMAN PERIOD MANUSCRIPTS