About the Antique Rugs of the Future Project
Sheep Breeds of Azerbaijan
Shearing, Sorting, Washing, Carding, Spinning
"The advantages of handspun yarn to machine spun yarn"
Rediscovery of Ancient Natural Dyes
Our Natural Dyestuffs
Difference between synthetically and naturally dyed rugs
Weaving and Finishing Steps
Galleries of ARFP Caucasian Azerbaijani Rugs
Kazak Pinwheel / Swastika rug
Size (metric): 155x237cm
Size (ft): 5'1"x7'9"
Area: 3.67 m2
Density: 110 000 knots per square meter, totally ~ 450 000 knots
Pile height: 0.6 cm
End finish: braided
Weaving period: 3 months
Colors: light madder red, dark madder red, dark navy blue, light navy blue, goldenrod, old purple/mauve, gold yellow, variegated green, forest green, ivory, dark brown.
Dyes: 100% natural dyes: madder, weld (Reseda Luteola), woad, indigo, pomegranate skins, walnut husks, natural brown sheep wool, natural ivory sheep wool - all are eco-friendly and non-toxic
Materials: Handcarded and handspun wool for pile, wool warps (natural ivory and brown twist) and two shots of red wool wefts
Handwoven in Azerbaijan
Design: The design is distinguished by the typical
"Pinwheel" or Swastika shaped archaic devices located in the central
field. The swastika is an ancient symbol, often interpreted with celestial
connotations. According to some researchers, it represents the heavens
with the center of the swastika as the north star (in fact, it is the
endless knot motif) and the twisting arms of the motif symbolizing the
movement of the constellations around that focal point. It is graphically
portrayed in many weavings from Caucasian Azerbaijan, including the
Bordjalou and Kazak areas. This element is called "Dörd-buynuz" (means
"four rams") or "Damga" (Tamga) in Kazak region.
Another theory sees the swastika as a highly stylized zoomorphic motif. The element was widely used in early Turkish rugs and in some Central Asian weavings.
The upper central field includes a tamga of the Afshar tribe.
Each swastika contains the endless knot motif - symbolizing how everything is connected to each other in the Universe. It is also believed to be an old ward against the fixed gaze of the evil eye. The main border also contains a styllized version of the endless knot motif:
The secondary motif of the main border is a T shaped reciprocal tamga element:
pic1. different type of pinwheel/swastika motives
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