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Kazak Karachop rug

Code: KZKCH22M

Size: 140x160cm

Size (ft): 4'7"x5'2"

Area: 2.24 m2

Density: 105 000 knots per square meter, totally ~230 000 knots

Colors: aqua green, red, yellow, medium blue, dark blue, burgundy, old purple, dark brown, ivory, olive, pale brown, cinnamon.

madder, weld (Reseda Luteola), onion skins, cochineal, indigo, pomegranate skins, walnut husks, natural dark brown sheep wool, natural ivory sheep wool, natural medium brown sheep wool.

Materials: Handcarded and handspun wool for pile, ivory wool warps (natural ivory and brown twist) and light red wool wefts (two shots, dyed with onion skins and madder). 1cm of flatwoven kilim ends at both sides. - wool on wool

Knots: Gördes (Turkish, symmetrical)

Pile height: 0.7cm

End finishs: Horizontal band of two-pick oblique interlacing warps. Braided fringes.

Inscriptions: weaving date, the word "Umay" in Orhon-Yenisey scripts ("Umay" is a female spirit that that protects babies in Turkic mythology. She is also a bringer of luck, abundance and fertility)

Weaver: Sevinj

Weaving Period: Four months

Handwoven in Azerbaijan

Design: The aqua green field scattered with various polychrome hooked squares containing stellar flowerheads and geometric motifs around a central rectangular panel containing an ivory octagon with similar small sqaure panels and minor geometric motifs. Tree of life, swastika, rams horn, memlings Gul and other tribal motifs are woven around the central field.

The main border depicts rams horn and "four arrows" motif.

The design motifs are assembled by Vugar Dadashov.

Karachop pattern has most probable pre-Islamic totemic sources which it shares with the Turkoman göl. Over the period from which examples are available, the design of the Karachop rugs basically remained, stable geometric designs, possibly because it was ancient adaptation of Central Asian totemic themes. Many symmetrical design elements to be pointed on the north/south or vertical axis and blunted on the east/west or horizontal axis can be found commonly in rugs of Turkic speaking people: Turkmen, Shahsavan, Azebaijani, Turkish etc.  A 'proto-Karachop' (McMullan, plate 98) from western Turkey shows four pairs of red stylized animals in the central octagonal medallion, surrounded by four minor medallions edged with typical Turkoman-style kotshak forms. Most probably it had a south Caucasian contemporary, but no example is known. The earliest Karachops, like other early Kazaks, are finely knotted and not very large. They have either a red or green field, and a dark purple color is almost always present.

Subsidiary figures which are found at each end, in the “2-1-2” format, can also let us to trace the lineage of the Karachops back to the Holbein carpets and Ushaks. Following is an image of a 16th Century Holbein Type IV rug from the Museum of Islamic and Turkish Arts in Istanbul illustrating this relationship:


Information about the Karachop village: Karachöp is the name of a district with eight villages in Kakheti province, Georgia. The name of these villages are Yor-Mughanli, Tüller, Lambali, Kesheli, Düzeyremi, Qarabaghli, Qazylar and Baldo. These villages are inhabited by Karapapakh Turks. This is the ethnic group who is responsible for the weaving of the historical Karachop rugs. The names of these villages are taken from the sub-groups of the Karapapakh tribe.

Karachop village

Note: KARAPAPAKH (Turkish, "black hat"), a Turkic people whose language belongs to the western Oghuz division. They are of mixed Kypchak and Oghuz origin.


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