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Azerbaijan Harshang-Afshan design rug

Code: AZSJB03

Size: 137x217cm

Size (ft): 4'5"x7'1"

Area: 2.97 m2

Density: ~165 000 knots per square meter, totally ~500 000 knots

Colors: yellow, medium blue, light sky blue, navy blue, royal blue, midnight blue, red, yellow, apricot, purple, aqua green, medium green, hazelnut, maroon, cinnamon, aubergine, dark brown, medium brown, ivory.

Dyes: madder, weld (Reseda Luteola), onion skins, indigo, pomegranate skins, walnut husks, natural dark brown sheep wool, natural ivory sheep wool.

Materials: Handcarded and handspun wool for pile, ivory wool warps and ivory wool wefts (two shots). 1cm of flatwoven kilim ends at both sides. - wool on wool

Knots: Gördes (Turkish, symmetrical)

Pile height: 0.4cm

Ends: thin plaited fringes

Inscriptions: tamga (tribal seal) of Afshar tribe (top center of the field), the word "Adn" ("Garden of Eden" - top left corner of the central field). 1440 (weaving date - between the word "Adn" and the Afshar tamga)

Weaver: Kamila, Rahima

Weaving Period: Three months

Handwoven in Azerbaijan

Design: The Harshang & Afshan design, featuring various palmettes and stylized flowers, is among the most classic formats. The design was extremely popular in both the Caucasian and Iranian Azerbaijan throughout the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. It appears that the design was first used in the Khorasan district and in origin ultimately derives from the Isfahan 'in and out' palmette design. For a discussion of late eighteenth and early 19th century contrasting appearances of the harshang design, please see Pamela Bensoussan, 'Four Harshang Pattern Carpets in the Museée des Arts Decoratifs', Hali, vol.3, no.3, pp.207-209.

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Dyeing wool with cochineal

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