Antique Rugs of the Future Project

About the Antique Rugs of the Future Project
Sheep Breeds of Azerbaijan
Shearing, Sorting, Washing, Carding, Spinning
The advantages of handspun yarn to machine spun yarn
Rediscovery of Ancient Natural Dyes
Natural Dyes and Dyeing Photos

Our Natural Dyestuffs
Difference between synthetically and naturally dyed rugs
Weaving and Finishing Steps
Galleries of ARFP Caucasian Azerbaijani Rugs (sold pieces)
Current Inventory

Educational Section
Search the website
Interior design with our rugs
Antique & Old rugs and kilims for sale


back to "Historical Lotto carpets" main pagee


"Lotto" rug, XVI century, Western Turkey, Ushak Region, Ottoman Empire. Provenance: Commander Ludovico Pogliaghi, Varese; later The Wher Collection, Lugano, Switzerland

Christie's SALE 7616

Oriental Rugs and Carpets
London|10 October 2008 Browse Sale

LOT 35
Price realised GBP 22,500

Estimate GBP 20,000 - GBP 25,000

Areas of repiling, reweaves and restorations, corroded brown, selvages replaced, ends secured
5ft.4in. x 3ft.8in. (163cm. x 112cm.)


Commander Ludovico Pogliaghi, Varese, by 1920 Given by the Poliaghi commune as a hereditary gift to the Roman Catholic church, the Vatican city, Rome, Italy, 1940
The Wher Collection, Lugano, Switzerland, as an act of compravendita with the Vatican, 1950
The Georges Valery Collection, Geneva, Switzerland, 1960
Purchased in 1980 by a private Italian collector, to the present day

Lot Essay
The field pattern of this example, using Ellis' classifications, is of the "kilim" style because of its angular drawing and the jagged, saw-tooth edges seen in ares of the arabesque lattice, (C. G. Ellis, "The 'Lotto' Pattern as a Fashion in Carpets," Festschrift fr Peter Wilhelm Meister, 1975, pp.19-31).

The 'box' border seen here is usually associated with early 'Lotto' rugs from the sixteenth century. Although in most other examples the kufesque border is more visually related to script, the 'box' border is found in a small number of other 'Lotto' rugs, and occasional other Turkish rugs of the same period. This border only appears on two paintings, one dateable to the mid-16th century, the other to circa 1590 (John Mills, "Carpets in Paintings, The 'Bellini', 'Keyhole' or 'Re-entrant' Rugs", Hali 58, August 1991, appendix, p.127; for an illustration of the second of these two, 'The Chess Players', by Ludovico Carracci see John Mills,"'Lotto' Carpets in Western Paintings," Hali, Vol. 3, no. 4, pp.278-289, fig. 20). A small number of other 'Lotto' rugs or fragments are known with this border (Serare Yetkin, Historical Turkish Carpets, Istanbul, 1981, pl.32, 'kilim' field in the Turk ve Islam Museum, Istanbul; Volkmar Gantzhorn, The Christian Oriental Carpet, Cologne, 1991, illus. 398, 'Anatolian field'; Michael Franses and Robert Pinner, "Turkish Carpets in the Victoria & Albert Museum," Hali, Vol. 6, no. 4, p.364, fig. 9, a fragment with 'Anatolian' field, The Bernheimer Family Collection of Carpets, Christie's, London, 14 February 1996, lot, 90, with 'kilim' field; Trefoil Guls Stars and Gardens, exhibition catalogue, Oakland California, 1989, pl.XVI, p.11 with 'Anatolian' field), Christie's London, 16 April 2007, lot 47, 'ornamental' field. Two further examples whose "box" borders lack the secondary elements are in churches in Transylvania (Stefano Ionescu (ed.), Antique Ottoman Rugs in Transylvania, Rome, 2005, cat.232, p.187, with variant 'Anatolian' field, and another substantially restored fragment with 'Anatolian' field, ill.p.204).

The combination of the kilim-style field and the kufesque border of the present piece is unusual and can be found in another example in the Museé Jacquemart-André, Paris, albeit with a different interpretation of the kufesque border (see Tapis Present de L'Orient A L'Occident, Paris, 1989, pp.66-67).