About the Antique Rugs of the Future Project

Sheep Breeds of Azerbaijan

Sorting, Washing, Carding, Spinning

"The advantages of handspun yarn to machine spun yarn"

Rediscovery of Ancient Natural Dyes
Our Natural Dyestuffs


Difference between synthetically and naturally dyed rugs

Weaving and Finishing Steps

Galleries of ARFP Caucasian Azerbaijani Rugs

back to "Historical Mamluk carpets and rugs" main page


Blumenthal Mamluk carpet, The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York (inv. no: 41.190.262). 218 x 250 cm.


Date: late 15th–early 16th century Geography: Egypt, Cairo
Culture: Islamic
Medium: Wool (warp, weft and pile); asymmetrically knotted pile
Dimensions: L. 98 1/2 in. (250.2 cm) W. 86 in. (218.4 cm)
Classification: Textiles-Rugs
Credit Line: Bequest of George Blumenthal, 1941 Accession Number: 41.190.262

Documents first refer to Cairo as a carpet‑weaving center in the last quarter of the fifteenth century. Carpets of this type figured significantly in Mediterranean commerce and appear in Venetian paintings as early as the sixteenth century. They are characterized by kaleidoscopic profusion of tiny motifs and a limited color range, resulting in an iridescent effect. Production of these so‑called Mamluk carpets continued until the mid-sixteenth century, after the 1517 Ottoman conquest of Egypt.