About the Antique Rugs of the Future Project

Sheep Breeds of Azerbaijan

Sorting, Washing, Carding, Spinning

"The advantages of handspun yarn to machine spun yarn"

Rediscovery of Ancient Natural Dyes
Our Natural Dyestuffs


Difference between synthetically and naturally dyed rugs

Weaving and Finishing Steps

Galleries of ARFP Caucasian Azerbaijani Rugs



Fragment of a knotted, woolen prayer rug with multiple niches (saff)
Turkey, Ushak region; 2nd half of 17th century
Davids Samling/The David Collection, Copenhagen

H: 196; W: 435 cm
This large fragment makes up the lower right corner of a carpet that probably consisted of three rows parallel with the qibla wall, each with at least seven architecturally conceived prayer niches. A carpet unit like this could be sewn together with corresponding pieces until it covered the entire floor of a mosque. The border has been partly preserved at the bottom and on the right side, and there are fragments from the same rug or identical ones in other collections.

Prayer rugs are not obligatory, but because of their form, they denote the direction of prayer towards Mecca. In addition to having an aesthetic function, they also insulate and provide comfortable padding for those performing their prayers. Large prayer rugs with multiple niches moreover denote a place for each believer in the mosque.

Inv. no. 21/1994