About the Antique Rugs of the Future Project
Sheep Breeds of Azerbaijan
Shearing, Sorting, Washing, Carding, Spinning
"The advantages of handspun yarn to machine spun yarn"
Rediscovery of Ancient Natural Dyes
Our Natural Dyestuffs
Difference between synthetically and naturally dyed rugs
Weaving and Finishing Steps
Galleries of ARFP Caucasian Azerbaijani Rugs
back to "Historical Mamluk carpets and rugs" main page
Mamluk Carpet, Victoria and Albert Museum, London
Place of origin: Cairo, Egypt (made)
Date: 16th century (made)
Museum number: T.26-1943
Gallery location: In Storage
Design: Red ground with a multi-side blue medallion containing a ring of red papyrus design. Within the medallion, outlined in a yellow
scallop, is a red oval which contains a green octagon with an angular, 8-pointed interlaced star in blue. Extending from the octagon are 8
stylized leaves each containing an elaborate knot and separated by green triangles. Above and below the medallion is an oblong design in
blue and green of an arabesque with knots and leaf-like designs. These look out of keeping with the rest of the design; they are curilinear and
resemble Italian embroidery. At each corner, an octagon alligned to two triangles provides a corner frame to the medallion and in each far
corner an 8-pointed star together with the arabesque oblong creates an upper and lower band.
NB: light blue ground with papyrus meander with red circles alternating with green cartouches. At the sides the central cartouche becomes a
green circle. Within the cartouche is a blue hexagon. The circles and cartouches are decorated with the papyrus design which appears as
though it were a supplementary border along either side of the cartouches. Along the lower edge of the main border this effect is accentuated
because the ground is a darker shade of blue.
Inner and outer (outer missing top and bottom); red ground with a yellow angular meander with corroded black blocks and yellow sprigs.
Warp: wool; possibly yellow with the ends dyed green for the fringe; S4Z (at least 4), 22-25 per inch,(88-100 per dm).
Weft: red wool, S-spun; 3 threads per shoot, 2 shoots per row of knots, 11 knots per inch (44 per dm)
Pile: wool; red, yellow, white, green, light blue, black. Asymmetrical, open to the left, tied round 2 warp threads. 121-138 knots per sq. in
(1936-2200 per sq. dm).
Side finish: one cord overcast with red wool
End finish: missing.
(Analysed through glass, 9.3.99)